What are Consumer Fireworks?
Consumer fireworks are low-hazard and restricted to recreational use. They include items like roman candles, sparklers, fountains, volcanoes, mines and snakes.
Other Types of Fireworks Include:
- Display fireworks are high-hazard and restricted to professional use. They include items like aerial shells, cakes, roman candles, waterfalls, lances and wheels.
- Special effect pyrotechnics are high-hazard and designed for professional use. They include items like gerbs, mines, comets and crossettes, as well as special-purpose pyrotechnics made for live stage performances and the film and television industry.
What Rules Apply?
HRM does not have a fireworks specific By-law.
Permits are required for Display / Pyrotechnic fireworks only.
HRM Respecting Noise By-Law restricts when fireworks can be used:
CANADA DAY , July 1st
NEW YEARS EVE , December 31 / January 1st
A noise exemption can be applied for outside these dates. Click here for more information.
RECOGNIZED RELIGIOUS HOLIDAYS
The Province of Nova Scotia does not have a fireworks specific law.
The Fire Safety Act states “every owner of land or premises, or a part thereof, and every person shall take every precaution that is reasonable in the circumstances to achieve fire safety”.
The Federal Explosives Act governs the sale, storage and use of all fireworks.
- Keep fireworks in a cool, dry, ventilated place, out of the reach of children
- Choose a wide, clear site away from all obstacles. Refer to the safety instructions on the fireworks label for minimum distances from spectators.
- Use a good firing base such as a pail filled with earth or sand.
- Do not fire in windy conditions
- Never try to light a firework or hold a lit firework in your hand, unless the manufacturer’s instructions indicate that they are designed to be hand-held.
- Read all instructions on the fireworks. Plan the order of firing before you begin.
- Bury fireworks that do not have a base halfway in a container of earth or sand (such as a pail, box or wheelbarrow) unless the label on the firework indicated otherwise. Set them at 10-degree angle, pointing away from people.
- Keep water nearby: Dispose of used fireworks (including debris) in a pail of water.
- People under 18 years old who use fireworks must be supervised by an adult.
- It is recommended that safety glasses be worn.
- Light carefully: Always light the fuse at its tip.
- Wait at least 30 minutes before approaching a firework that did not go off. Never try to relight a firework that did not go off. Never try to fix a firework that is defective.
Halifax Fire urges parents to restrict the access of fireworks in the home. Did you know according to the CHRIPP (Canadian Hospital Injury Reporting and Prevention Program) that 42.3% of injuries sustained by fireworks were to children 10 to 14 years of age, and 95% of all fireworks injuries involve people under the age of 20.
So how can we prevent these injuries?
- Restrict the access to fireworks in your home, keep in a secure location!
- Children should be supervised by an adult when they are around fireworks.
- Never allow your child to ignite fireworks.
- Provide eye and hearing protection for your child.
- Allow your child to watch from a safe location.
- Remember, children learn by example. Teach your children that fireworks are dangerous. Never point fireworks at people or animals and avoid horseplay during the fireworks event.
After use, place firework debris in water and place at the curb on garbage day, except fireworks that did not safely go off (misfires). These fireworks must be disposed of by a qualified person.
- Police, Non-Emergency: (902) 490-5020
- RCMP Explosives Disposal Unit: (902) 720-5054 or (902) 720-5050
Fireworks as beautiful as they are, have an impact on our neighbors, environment, and wildlife.
Noise from fireworks can have a long lasting negative impact on people who suffer from mental health disorders, such as but not limited to:
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Fireworks cause an abundance of litter that can scatter for kilometers, polluting neighborhoods, waterways and green spaces.
The shock of fireworks can cause wildlife to flee, ending up in unexpected areas or roadways, flying into buildings and other obstacles and even abandoning nests, leaving young vulnerable to predators.
Fireworks can be beautiful to us but are terrifying to them!
- Whenever possible notify your neighbours when you plan to use consumer fireworks.
- Keep pets inside and comforted.
- If outside, have your pets securely on lead/leash.