Functional Planning: The functional planning stage is where we identify different route options for a new walking or cycling facility and concepts for what it could look like on the street. A major component of the functional planning process includes stakeholder and public engagement. Based on feedback received from stakeholders and the public, municipal staff will evaluate and refine initial concepts. An option is then selected and design and cost estimating begins. In this stage, additional studies may be undertaken to help support decision-making. The final result is a design that is 30% complete with an estimate of how much it will cost to build. At the end of the functional planning phase for bicycle lanes and local street bikeways, recommendations may be brought to Regional Council for direction to move forward with the facility as proposed.
Preliminary Design: The preliminary design stage helps to refine the designs from the functional planning process and get them ready for detailed design. This is also the stage where municipal staff begin to coordinate with internal and external groups to determine how to make the new facility possible. This may mean negotiating with land owners, determining how drainage will work, or getting permission to move utility poles.
Detailed Design: The detailed design stage is about getting designs ready for construction. This includes preparing final designs for drainage, intersections, and traffic signals. Once the designs are nearing completion, several municipal departments review the designs to ensure that they are able to be constructed and meet the needs of each department. The final drawings and cost estimates are then prepared.
Construction: Based on the detailed designs, the municipality will issue a tender for construction in order to select which company will build the new facility. Depending on weather, construction can happen from May to December. The construction company builds the new facility according to the detailed designs. When it’s done, the new facility is open for walking or cycling.