Identification of Zoning and Policy Barriers
Your local zoning regulations may be creating a barrier to accessing food in your community. Refer to Chapter 5 for more resources on Zoning. Planning policy regulates activity and development of the built environment; this regulation of the use and design of the built environment can create significant barriers to accessing necessary food services and products. As these policy documents can be very technical, it is recommended that you work with your local planner to identify what is permitted or restricted in your community. The following steps can get this process started:
Step 1: Identify the Planning Strategy and Land Use Bylaw(s) that apply to your community with your local planner, using the community boundaries.
Step 2: Obtain maps from your local planner showing the applicable planning designations and land use zones for your community.
Step 3: Review planning Strategy (ies) with your local planner looking for language that enables or constrains. Scan for policies relating to food, agriculture , retail/commercial activities, and industrial. Make note on your maps of the designations that these activities are permitted in.
Step 4: Review together with your local planner the general provisions of the Land Use Bylaw(s) for restrictions that may enable or constrain your local food system. Search the individual zones for where food uses, agricultural activities , retail/commercial activities, and industrial uses are permitted. Make note of where these zones are located and roughly what activities they permit.
Step 5: Analyze these policies to identify planning and zoning opportunities and barriers.
Step 6: Review your findings with your local planner and ask if there are any other planning or policy considerations which could be creating invisible barriers.
Step 7: Summarize your findings in the Analyzing Strengths and Weaknesses Worksheet.