In celebration of Police Week (held each May), the Municipal Archives offers a selection of historical images from Halifax's policing past.
Halifax Regional Police transferred many historical records to the Municipal Archives in 2006 and 2007 for all Police Department records, 1851-1998 (102-16). Along with charge books, court record books, and Chiefs' records, there is a wonderful series of over 700 photographs dating from 1864-2004. For further historical information, see the history of Halifax Regional Police.
South Park Street from Sackville Street, ca. 1890
The Halifax Police Department had this photo (HMA 102-16N-0016.3 O/S) to show the house in which John Delaney was found sealing himself in a cupboard following the murder of his wife in 1919. It is the first house on the left, formerly 187 South Park Street. The photo looks south, and the building housing the tearoom and washroom facilities in the Public Gardens can be seen on the right.
Early police officers
Protecting Halifax's morality
Police Chief George Fox and Deputy Chief Angus MacLellan destroy an illegal one-armed bandit, ca. 1950. From 1925 to 1976 only charitable gambling, raffles, bingo, and horse betting were permitted in Nova Scotia. HMA 102-16N-0004.1, taken by Wilfred Doucette, Halifax Chronicle and Daily Herald.
Police athletics and recreation
The Halifax Police Department (HPD) had its own Athletic and Social Club. Members of the force played with RCMP and the Halifax Fire Department (HFD). Sports and recreation teams included hockey, track and field, basketball, bowling, and curling. The department also held an annual pistol competition.
HPD A. and R. Club Champion Athletes, 1920. HMA 102-16N-0008.2
Back row: A. Callaghan, G. Fox, M. McLean, C. Fulton (killed on duty in 1924). Middle row: Jas. Buchanan, Chief Hanrahan, Insp. L. Lovett, A. Woollaston. Front row: T. MacDonald, H. Lawlor.
HPD and HFD hockey teams, 1940-1945, Navy League Building. HMA 102-16N-0008.1
Can you identify any of these officers? Many individuals in the Archives' images are unidentified, and we always appreciates assistance identifying photos.
Annual Pistol Competition, June 8, 1966 (HMA 102-16N-0023.1)
Photo shows First Place Team winners. L-R: Cst. L. Swinimer, Cst. E. Joyce, Insp. R. Bedgood Team Captain, Cst. G. Legge, Cst. A. Wyatt, Chief V.W. Mitchell presenting trophy. Photo by IDENT.
Winnifred Keddy, who used to work at the Halifax Infants Home, sent this image (HMA 102-16N-0059.1) to HPD with a letter thanking members of the Mounted Squad for so often taking the time to let the children pet the horses. She noted the children would often look forward to these visits, as they had few connections outside of the Home.
The Halifax Infants Home was opened in 1875 for unmarried mothers and abandoned children under the age of three. Originally located on Cunard Street, it moved to Spring Garden Road then to a brick-and-stone building designed by J.C. Dumaresq and Son on Tower Road in 1899. The home continued there until it closed in 1960.
Breathalyser demonstration, 1969
Officers took breathalyser training courses, when that technology became available in the sixties.
Halifax Police has a long history of using cutting-edge technology for crime prevention. The first known case of using the telegram to combat crime was in 1862 when the city marshall was alerted by telegram that two horse thieves were headed toward Halifax. Thanks to this timely information the offenders were apprehended. In 1934 Halifax was one of the first Canadian cities to use radio-equipped patrol cars. Other training included bomb disposal and fingerprint analysis.
Increasing presence of visible minorities
Call boxes were located throughout the city to keep officers on patrol duty in touch with headquarters. Walkie talkies were not used until 1966. This promotional photograph shows African Nova Scotian Cst. Richard Smith using a call box.
The role of community and race relations in policing is increasingly recognized, and Halifax Regional Police actively recruits visible minorities.
Constable Aileen Richardson (now Mitchell-Halliday) was the first female Halifax police officer to go on street patrol in 1975. Prior to that, female police officers served as "matrons" who searched and guarded female prisoners, and did desk duty. By 2007, 1 in 5 police officers in Canada were women. Today Halifax Regional Police actively recruits women, and female officers are increasingly assuming senior leadership roles.
National Police Week, 1972
Police Week is held each year around May 15th, International Peace Officer Memorial Day. This image is from one of Halifax's first National Police Weeks, in 1971. The event began in 1970 as a collaboration between the RCMP, Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Canada, and local police departments.
Police with wildlife
Feeding a fawn (HMA 102-16N-0059.3)
Sergeant Detective Walter Woods feeds a fawn near his cottage on the Salmon River, with his nephews Donald, Waynem and Dennis Purcell, ca. 1930s. Thanks to Betty Pothier for identifying the people in this delightful photo.
Wildcat on Quinpool Rd. (102-16N-0012.3)
The following police report accompanies this photo:
At approximately 5:30pm Constable Frank Carver was proceeding along Quinpool Rd. on his motorcycle when a citizen stopped him, stating there was wildcat in his backyard. Constable Carver proceeded to the backyard of 6950 Quinpool Rd. and observed the wildcat in the bushes. He drew his service revolver and fired at the animal, wounding same. It fled to an adjoining yard where the Constable fired the second shot, killing the wildcat.
Friday, August 11, 1966
For more historic police photographs, see the full Police Department photographs and moving images series (102-16N), including more digitized photographs, or visit the Halifax Municipal Archives to view the hundreds of original photographs from the Halifax Police Department.
A list of photographs and this exhibit were compiled by volunteer Sherri MacQuarrie.